Living in the Community With Dementia: Who Receives Paid Care?


OBJECTIVES

Paid caregivers (eg, home health aides and personal care attendants) provide hands‐on care that helps individuals with dementia live in the community. This study (a) characterizes paid caregiving among community‐dwelling individuals with dementia and (b) identifies factors associated with receipt of paid care.

DESIGN

Cross‐sectional analysis.

SETTING

The 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), a nationally representative study of Medicare recipients aged 65 years and older.

PARTICIPANTS

Community‐dwelling individuals with dementia (n = 899).

MEASUREMENTS

Paid and family caregiving support was determined by participant or proxy report of help received with functional tasks. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with receipt of paid care. NHATS population sampling weights were used to produce national paid caregiving prevalence estimates.

RESULTS

Only 25.5% of community‐dwelling individuals with dementia received paid care, and 10.8% received 20 hours or more of paid care per week. For those who received it, paid care accounted for approximately half of the 83 total caregiving hours (paid and family) that they received each week. Among the subgroup of individuals with advanced dementia (those with impairment in dressing, bathing, toileting, and managing medications and finances), nearly half (48.3%) received paid care. Multivariable analysis, adjusting for sociodemographic, family caregiving support, functional, and clinical characteristics, found that the odds of receiving paid care were higher among men (odds ratio [OR] = 1.91; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.24‐2.95), the unmarried (OR = 2.20; 95% CI = 1.31‐3.70), those with Medicaid (OR = 2.16; 95% CI = 1.27‐3.66), and those requiring more help with activities of daily living (ADLs) (OR = 1.32; 95% CI = 1.18‐1.48) and instrumental ADLs (OR = 1.29; 95% CI = 1.14‐1.46).

CONCLUSIONS

New ways of making paid caregiving more accessible throughout the income spectrum are required to support family caregivers and respect the preferences of individuals with dementia to remain living in the community.

Source

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